Tuesday, September 1, 2009

Health Promotion for Pregnant Women


According to the 2000 Philippine Health Statistics, 24 out of 1000 women who gave birth die due to pregnancy complications. 25% of these could be accounted to hypertension, 20.3% to postpartum hemorrhage (severe bleeding), and 9% to pregnancy related to abortion.
The underlying causes of maternal deaths are delays in taking critical action, seeking care, making referral, and providing medical management. Other factors that contribute to this situation is closely spaced births, frequent pregnancies, poor detection, poor access to health care facilities and management of high risk pregnancies (Public Health Nursing in the Philippines, 2007)

That is why health promotion among pregnant women is very important. Much like a make or break , do or die situation which poses great risks for the soon-to-be mothers. A way of health promotion not only for the mother but also for the baby is the prenatal check up. Ideally, the first visit to the clinic or health center is during the first four months or as early as detection and confirmation of pregnancy. The second visit should be done during the 2nd trimester (4-6months) while the 3rd visit would be on the 3rd trimester. Upon reaching the 8th month of pregnancy, the mother is advised to visit the clinic every 2 weeks to be assessed for labor readiness.

Since the pregnant mother provides nutrients for herself and for the baby, micronutrient supplementation is advised to prevent Vitamin A deficiency, anemia and other nutritional disorders. In the same light, pregnant women are advised to take in Vitamin A supplements to be given twice a week and Iron supplementation daily. However, Vit. A supplementation are contraindicated for women below 4 months of pregnancy as it may cause congenital problems for the baby.

Pregnant women are more susceptible to diseases. In line with this, immunizations are of utmost importance especially the Tetanus Toxoid vaccine that combats the disease called tetanus that could be passed down to the baby. Tetanus Toxoid immunization comprises of 5 doses, 3 of which act as booster shots, administered parenterally. After immunization the woman is now called a “fully immunized mother or FIM”

After following all these tips and procedures, it is rest assured that the mother could now better manage a safe and clean delivery.



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Saturday, August 29, 2009

Gloria says, "A FILIPINO IS WORTH DINING FOR..."

Ninoy Aquino said, "A filipino is worth dying for...", President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo says "A filipino is worth DINING for..."

I'm talking about the expensive dining of PGMA at the Le Cirque, New York along with a "large entourage". Reports later showed the actual tab amounting to about 20,000 dollars nearly equivalent to 1,000,000 bucks in the Philippine currency. After the media enjoyed its publicity, no concrete action was made leading to its silent fade out. A question still remains inside my head, "What conscience does she have? " Its purely inhumane, knowing that a lot of people in the country are dying of hunger and malnutrition. Its immoral in any sense you perceive it. I believe not far from now, she and her entourage will feast on the Prisons's Tasting Menu. What do you think?


Here's a picture of Le Cirque, New York:






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2007 Philippine Demographic Profile with Analysis




What is a Demographic Profile? It is a statistic record of a country, province or city with regard to its population, average life expectancy, dependency ratio (ratio of people who are economically functional and those people who are below the minimum working age), territory, population density, growth rate and vital statistics on health such as mortality(death), fertility(births), and mobidity(diseases).

Here's a copy of the latest Philippine Demographic Profile Retrieved from the CIA World Factbook:

Population
- 97,976,603 (July 2009 est.)
Age structure
· 0-14 years: 35.2% (male 17,606,352/female 16,911,376)
· 15-64 years: 60.6% (male 29,679,327/female 29,737,919)
· 65 years and over: 4.1% (male 1,744,248/female 2,297,381) (2009 est.)
Median age
· total: 22.5 years
· male: 22 years
· female: 23 years (2009 est.)
Population growth rate
1.957% (2009 est.)
Birth rate
26.01 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
Death rate
5.15 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
· country comparison to the world: 133
Urbanization
· urban population: 65% of total population (2008)
· rate of urbanization:;; 3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex ratio
· at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
· under 15 years:;; 1.04 male(s)/female
· 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
· 65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
· total population: 1 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate
· total: 20.56 deaths/1,000 live births
· country comparison to the world: 104
· male: 23.17 deaths/1,000 live births
· female: 17.83 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
· total population: 71.09 years
· country comparison to the world: 133
· male: 68.17 years
· female: 74.15 years (2009 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.27 children born/woman (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
less than 0.1% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - People living with HIV/AIDS
8,300 (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
fewer than 200 (2007 est.)
· country comparison to the world: 119
Major infectious diseases
· degree of risk: high
· food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
· vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis
· water contact disease: leptospirosis (2009)
Nationality
· noun: Filipino(s)
· adjective: Philippine
Ethnic groups
Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)
Religions
Roman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census)
Languages
Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan
Literacy
· definition: age 15 and over can read and write
· total population: 92.6%
· male: 92.5%
· female: 92.7% (2000 census)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
· total: 12 years
· male: 11 years
· female: 12 years (2006)
Education expenditures
· 2.5% of GDP (2005)

Based from the given data, we could see that our country is heavily populated, concentrated primarily urban areas (65% of the population). One reason for this are the economic opportunities whether be in education, trade and industry. Another surprising finding based from this record is the country's steady growth in the rate of urbanization which is 3% annually amidst the economic regression and the political hulabaloos, there must be something going right in our country.

If you also noticed, our population based on age structure comprises of 35.2% in the 0-14 age group, 60.6% in the 15-64 year age group and 4.1% in the 65 and above age group. This means that our population is concentrated on the 15-64 year old age group which is also the economically productive class. Therefore, we can say that in just a span of a few years, this population structure could be our advantage in terms of economics.

From the health care viewpoint, we could also determine the focus of our care in the population, which are the 0-14 and 15-64 age group which include the children and the women of reproductive age. It is also in the same light why the Department of Heath places Maternal and Child Health as one of the top priorities in health program formulation.

Aside from Maternal and Child health, the DOH also puts priority in the control of infectious diseases, mostly caused by unsanitary food handling and environment.

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Top 10 Leading Causes of Mortality in the Philippines

MORTALITY: TEN LEADING (10) LEADING CAUSES
Number and rate/100,000 Population Philippines
5-Year Average (2000-2004) & 2005

Cause
5 Year Average
(2000-2004)
2005*
Number
Rate
No.
Rate
1. Diseases of the Heart
66,412
83.3
77,060
90.4
2. Diseases of the Vascular system
50,886
63.9
54,372
63.8
3. Malignant Neoplasm
38,578
48.4
41,697
48.9
4. Pneumonia
32,989
41.4
36,510
42.8
5. Accidents
33,455
42.0
33,327
39.1
6. Tuberculosis, all forms
27,211
34.2
26,588
31.2
7. Chronic lower respiratory diseases
18,015
22.6
20,951
24.6
8.Diabetes Mellitus
13,584
17.0
18,441
21.6
9. Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period
14,477
18.2
12,368
14.5
10. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis
9.166
11.5
11,056
3.6

Note: Excludes ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality
(R00-R99) n=23,235
* reference year
** External Causes of Mortality

Source: www.doh.gov.ph

Presented above are the Top 10 Leading Causes of Mortality or deaths in the Philippines, notice the dominance of diseases brought about by excessive intake of foods or products of unhealthy practices (smoking,alcoholism,etc), these are called the Lifestyle diseases. The good thing about them is that they can actually be prevented by having an health lifestyle, balanced diet and adequate exercise. Moreover, some of these diseases could be passed on vertically, passing them to your children that is why prevention is very important not only for your own health but also for the future generations to come.

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Night Shift: Isang Pagaaral ukol sa Student Prostitution

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Friday, August 28, 2009

UST Hospital Benavides Cancer Institute Holds 3rd Cancer Conference

The UST Hospital Benavides Cancer Institute will be holding its 3rd Cancer Conference with the theme "Multidisciplinary Care of Gastrointestinal Malignancies" On August 26-28, 2009 at the BCI Auditorium. Members of the Thomasian community, different hospitals and medical institutions are most welcome to attend.

as copied from www.ust.edu.ph
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Monday, August 24, 2009

Pinoy MD Program


How many of us said during our youth years the line, "Gusto ko magging doktor"? (I want to be a doctor) Chances are, in one point in our lives we fell for that hard-to-reach ambition. Frankly speaking, how many of us Filipinos even live up to that ambition? - given the tantamount money we have to shell out just to get a title of MD or Medical Doctor.

That is why the government launced a Medical Scholarship Grant for Indigenous People, Local Health Workers, Barangay Health Workers, Department of Health Employees or their children to aid them in the pursuance of this goal or "dream". The Pinoy MD Program is a joint project of the Department of Health (DOH), Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office (PCSO), and several State Universities and Medical Schools.

For interested applicants see the PinoyMD flyer for the qualification and scholarship package details.
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Sunday, August 23, 2009

Department of Health Annual Calendar


January 2009

Deworming of School Children (Grade 1-6)- Round
12-16 National Cancer Awareness Week
21-27 Goiter Awareness Week
25 – World Leprosy Day

February 2009

National Health Insurance Program Month Oral Health Month

2-6 National Mental Retardation Week
4 – World Cancer Day
3rd wk Leprosy Prevention and Control Week

March 2009

Burn Injury Prevention Month

8 National Women’s Day
22 World Water Day
24 World TB Day


April 2009

Cancer in Children Awareness Month

7 World Health Day
25 World Malaria Day
14-20 Garantisadong Pambata – Round 1
4th wk Head and Neck Consciousness Week

May 2009

Cervical Cancer Awareness Month
Natural Family Planning Month

2 World Asthma Day
12-18 Safe Motherhood Week
17 AIDS Candlelight Memorial Day

31 World No Tobacco Day

June 2009

National Kidney Month
No Smoking Month
Prostate Cancer Awareness Month

5 World Environmental Day
14 World Blood Donor Day
16-22 Safe Kids Week
23 DOH Anniversary

July 2009

National Disaster Consciousness Month
National Blood Donors Month
Nutrition Month
Deworming of School Children (Grade 1-6) Round 2
Schistosomiasis Awareness Month
National Disaster Consciousness Month

7 National Allergy Day
11 World Population Day
13-17 National Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation Week
13-17 National Diabetes Awareness Week

August 2009

Family Planning Month
Lung Cancer Awareness Month
National Lung Month
National Tuberculosis Awareness Month
Sight-Saving Month

1-7 World Breastfeeding Week
1-7 Mother-Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative Week
6-12 National Hospital Week
10-14 Asthma Week
11-17 Phil. National Research System Week
19 – National Tuberculosis day
3rd wk Brain Attack Awareness Week

September 2009

Generics Awareness Month
Liver Cancer Awareness Month

1-7 National Epilepsy Awareness Week
7-11 Obesity Prevention and Awareness Week
26- World Heart Day
28 World Rabies Day


October 2009

Breast Cancer Awarenss Month
National Children’ Month

1-7 Elderly Filipino Week
5-9 National Mental Health Week
6-12 National Newborn Screening Week
10 – World Mental Health Day
10 – World Sight Day
13-19 Garantisadong Pambata – Round 2
12-16 Health Education Week
12-16 National Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Awareness Week
15 Global Handwashing Day
20-26 food Safety Awareness Week


November 2009

Cancer Pain Awareness Month
Filariasis Awareness Month
Malaria Awareness Month
Traditional and Alternative Health Care Month

2-6 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Awareness Week
2nd Week National Skin Disease Detection and Prevention Week
7 National Food Fortification Day
9-13 Deaf Awareness Week
14 World Diabetes Day
16-20 Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Week
23-29 Population and Development Week

December 2009

Firecracker Injury Prevention Month

1 World AIDS Day
6 National Health Emergency Preparedness Day
3-9 Ear, Nose and Throat Consciousness Week
10 National Youth Health Day


So please be guided accordingly.

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PRC August 2009 Physicians Licensure (Board) Examination Results

The result of the Philippine Physicians Licensure (Board) Examination, which was held in Manila, Cebu & Davao on August 8, 9, 15 & 16, 2009 has been released by the PRC. 1,680 out of 2,357 examinees passed the exam. The top 10 examinees are as follows:

August 2009 Physicians Board Exam Topnotchers

1. MELISSA PAULITA VILLAFLOR MARIANO, UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS - 88.17%
2. ERICK STA ROSA MENDOZA, UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS - 88.00%
3. KATRINA MAE SALCEDO GAMPONIA, UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS - 87.67%
4. TOM EDWARD NGO LO, UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES-MANILA - 87.58%
5. RIAVIC QUIDAY FUENTES, FAR EASTERN UNIVERSITY-NICANOR REYES MEDICAL FOUNDATION - 87.42%
6. JOSEPH BORROMEO VILLANUEVA, UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS - 87.17%
7. RICKY HELMUTH HIPOLITO, UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS - 87.08%
8. JAIME ALFONSO MANALO A HERRERA, DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY-DASMARI√ĎAS HEALTH SCIENCE CAMPUS - 87.00%
VINCENT BRYAN DE GUIA SALVADOR, UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES-MANILA - 87.00%
9. HERBERT ZULUETA MANAOIS, UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS - 86.92%
ANA NOELLE MINGO MONISIT, CEBU INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE - 86.92%
10. MELANIE TIMBOY ESTOLAS, UNIVERSITY OF THE EAST RAMON MAGSAYSAY MEMORIAL MEDICAL CENTER - 86.83%
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Saturday, August 22, 2009

Diabetes Awareness Program in Powerpoint Presentation

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Who should be blamed for the deficient health care system in the Philippines?

About The Guy with the Lamp

The Guy with the Lamp is a health and wellness blog that aims to inform people about the current health situation, breakthroughs and alternatives in medicine,and other health-related concerns. Its moderator is Raymond John S. Naguit a student nurse from the University of Santo Tomas,Philippines. Through this blog, I would like to take pride in contributing to health promotion among the community.
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